Author(s): Jiang H, Wu J, Zhang X, Wu D, Huang H
The number of patients on renal transplant waiting list is increasing rapidly in many countries, exacerbating the shortage of organs. We conducted a study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of deceased-donor kidney transplantation from hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive (+) donors into hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs)-positive (+) recipients. Sixty-five patients received grafts from HBsAg(+) donors, and 308 subjects received grafts from HBsAg-negative(−) donors. Posttransplantation, recipients with HBsAg(−) grafts or HBsAg(+) grafts received 400 U of hepatitis B immunoglobulin once and twice, respectively. The seven recipients who received grafts from hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA(+) donors were treated with hepatitis B immunoglobulin 400 U weekly for 3 months and lamivudine 100 mg daily for 6 months. All patients were monitored for liver function and hepatitis B viral status. The follow-up period was 38.7 ± 15.4 months. Although two recipients developed de novo HBV infection, neither patient developed severe liver dysfunction nor died. The incidence of liver injury (39/65 vs. 207/308, chi-square test, p > 0.05) and survival (log-rank test, p > 0.05) did not differ between the groups. We conclude that anti-HBs(+) recipients receiving HBsAg(+) grafts did as well as those receiving HBsAg(−) grafts.