alexa Kinematic evaluation of cruciate-retaining total knee replacement patients during level walking: a comparison with the displacement-controlled ISO standard.
Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research

Author(s): Ngai V, Wimmer MA

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Abstract Differences between wear-scar features of simulator-tested and retrieved tibial total knee replacement (TKR) liners have been reported. This disagreement may result from differences between in vivo kinematic profiles and those defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The purpose of this study was to determine the knee kinematics of a TKR subject group during level walking and compare them with the motion profiles defined by the ISO standard for a displacement-controlled knee wear testing simulator. Twenty-nine patients with a posterior cruciate ligament-retaining TKR design were gait tested using the point cluster technique to obtain flexion-extension (FE) rotation, anterior-posterior (AP) translation and internal-external (IE) rotation knee motions during a complete cycle of level walking. Relative ranges of motion and timing of key points within the in vivo motion data were compared against the same ranges and same key points from the input profiles of the displacement-controlled wear testing standard ISO14243-3. The subjects exhibited a FE pattern similar to ISO, with an insignificant difference in range of FE rotation from midstance to terminal stance. However, the subjects had a significantly higher range of knee flexion from terminal stance into swing. The subjects also exhibited a phase delay for the entire gait cycle. For AP translation, the standard profile had statistically significant lower magnitudes than seen in vivo. Opposite pattern of AP motion was also apparent from midstance and swing. Similarly, ISO specified a smaller IE total range of rotation with a motion pattern in complete opposition to that seen in vivo. In conclusion, significant differences were found in both the magnitudes and pattern of in vivo motion compared with ISO.
This article was published in J Biomech and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research

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