Author(s): Gromova LV, Gruzdkov AA
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Abstract Kinetics of glycylglycine hydrolysis and absorption as well as that of free glycine absorption in isolated loop of the small intestine was studied in chronic experiments in two groups of rats. In the 1st group (n = 5), the isolated loop daily received for 1 or two hours a glucose load (25 mM), whereas in the 2nd group (n = 4)--a glutamic acid load (25 mM). The "true" values (i.e. corrected for the influence of the pre-epithelial layer) of the Michaelis constant for dipeptide transport were lower than those for the free glycine transport: 16 +/- 1.8 versus 36.3 +/- 3.7 mM (in the 1st group) and 15.9 +/- 2.2 versus 34.0 +/- 3.7 mM (in the 2nd group), whereas values of the maximal rate of active transport as calculated per 1 cm of the intestine length were, on the contrary, higher: 0.64 +/- 0.06 versus 0.42 +/- 0.10 mumol/(min.cm) 1st group and 0.86 +/- 0.13 versus 0.56 +/- 0.04 mumol/(min.cm) in the in the 2nd group. It has been shown that, under these conditions, regarded as the most physiological, over 90\% of glycylglycine is absorbed via the peptide transport system. Only a small part of this dipeptide amount (less than 10\%) splits during membrane hydrolysis with subsequent absorption of the derived glycine. It has also been found that glutamic acid solution as a regular substrate load is more effective (as compared with the glucose solution) in retarding the atrophic changes occurring in the isolated intestine loop and in preserving its structural and functional parameters on a higher level.
This article was published in Ross Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System