Author(s): TlapakSimmons VL, Baggenstoss BA, Kumari K, Heldermon C, Weigel PH
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Abstract The two hyaluronan synthases (HASs) from Streptococcus pyogenes (spHAS) and Streptococcus equisimilis (seHAS) were expressed in Escherichia coli as recombinant proteins containing His6 tails. The accompanying paper has described the purification and lipid dependence of both HASs, their preference for cardiolipin, and their stability during storage (Tlapak-Simmons, V. L., Baggenstoss, B. A., Clyne, T., and Weigel, P. H. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 4239-4245). Kinetic characterization of the enzymes in isolated membranes gave Km values for UDP-GlcUA of 40 +/- 4 microM for spHAS and 51 +/- 5 microM for seHAS. In both cases, the Vmax profiles at various concentrations of UDP-GlcNAc were hyperbolic, with no evidence of cooperativity. In contrast, membrane-bound spHAS, but not seHAS, showed sigmoidal behavior as the UDP-GlcNAc concentration was increased, with a Hill number of approximately 2, indicating significant cooperativity. The Hill number for UDP-GlcNAc utilization by seHAS was 1, confirming the lack of cooperativity for UDP-GlcNAc in this enzyme. The Km values for UDP-GlcNAc were 60 +/- 7 microM for seHAS and 149 +/- 3 microM for spHAS in the isolated membranes. The kinetic characteristics of the two affinity-purified HAS enzymes were assessed in the presence of cardiolipin after 8-9 days of storage at -80 degreesC without cardiolipin. With increasing storage time, the enzymes showed a gradual increase in their Km values for both substrates and a decrease in Vmax. Even in the presence of cardiolipin, the detergent-solubilized, purified HASs had substantially higher Km values for both substrates than the membrane-bound enzymes. The KUDP-GlcUA for purified spHAS and seHAS increased 2-4-fold. The KUDP-GlcNAc for spHAS and seHAS increased 4- and 5-fold, respectively. Despite the higher Km values, the Vmax values for the purified HASs were only approximately 50\% lower than those for the membrane-bound enzymes. Significantly, purified spHAS displayed the same cooperative interaction with UDP-GlcNAc (nH approximately 2), whereas purified seHAS showed no cooperativity.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics