alexa Kinetic properties of "soluble" adenylyl cyclase. Synergism between calcium and bicarbonate
Cardiology

Cardiology

Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Litvin TN

Abstract Share this page

"Soluble" adenylyl cyclase (sAC) is a widely expressed source of cAMP in mammalian cells that is evolutionarily, structurally, and biochemically distinct from the G protein-responsive transmembrane adenylyl cyclases. In contrast to transmembrane adenylyl cyclases, sAC is insensitive to heterotrimeric G protein regulation and forskolin stimulation and is uniquely modulated by bicarbonate ions. Here we present the first report detailing kinetic analysis and biochemical properties of purified recombinant sAC. We confirm that bicarbonate regulation is conserved among mammalian sAC orthologs and demonstrate that bicarbonate stimulation is consistent with an increase in the V(max) of the enzyme with little effect on the apparent K(m) for substrate, ATP-Mg(2+). Bicarbonate can further increase sAC activity by relieving substrate inhibition. We also identify calcium as a direct modulator of sAC activity. In contrast to bicarbonate, calcium stimulates sAC activity by decreasing its apparent K(m) for ATP-Mg(2+). Because of their different mechanisms, calcium and bicarbonate synergistically activate sAC; therefore, small changes of either calcium or bicarbonate will lead to significant changes in cellular cAMP levels.

This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Angiology
    Oct 16-17, 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • 21st International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
    October 16-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords