alexa Kinetics and mechanism of long-chain fatty acid transport into phosphatidylcholine vesicles from various donor systems.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

Author(s): Thomas RM, Baici A, Werder M, Schulthess G, Hauser H

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Abstract The kinetics of long-chain fatty acid (FA) transfer from three different donor systems to unilamellar egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC) vesicles containing the pH-sensitive fluorophore pyranine in the vesicle cavity were determined. The transfer of long-chain FA from three FA donors, FA vesicles, unilamellar EPC vesicles containing FA, and bovine serum albumin-FA complexes to pyranine-containing EPC vesicles is a true first-order process, indicating that the FA transfer proceeds through the aqueous phase and not through collisional contacts between the donor and acceptor. A collisional mechanism would be at least bimolecular, giving rise to second-order kinetics. Evidence from stopped-flow fluorescence spectroscopy using the pyranine assay (as developed by Kamp, F., and Hamilton, J. A. (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89, 11367-11370) shows that the transverse or flip-flop motion of long-chain FA (from 14 to 22 C atoms) is immeasurably fast in both small and large unilamellar EPC vesicles and characterized by half-times t(1/2) < 5 ms. The rate-limiting step of FA transfer from these different donor systems to pyranine-containing EPC vesicles is the dissociation or desorption of the FA molecule from the donor. The desorption of the FA molecule is chain-length-dependent, confirming published data (Zhang et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 16055-16060): the first-order rate constant k(1) decreases by a factor of about 10 with elongation of the FA chain by two CH(2) groups. Similar rates of desorption are observed for the transfer of oleic acid from the three donors to pyranine-containing EPC vesicles with rate constants k(1) ranging from 0.4 to 1.3 s(-1). We also show that osmotically stressed, pyranine-containing EPC vesicles can give rise to artifacts. In the presence of a chemical potential gradient across the lipid bilayer of these vesicles, fast kinetic processes are observed with stopped-flow fluorescence spectroscopy which are probably due to electrostatic and/or osmotic
This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

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