Author(s): Shim H, Hwang B, Lee SS, Kong SH
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Abstract Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas fluorescens present as a coculture were studied for their abilities to degrade benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (collectively known as BTEX) under various growth conditions. The coculture effectively degraded various concentrations of BTEX as sole carbon sources. However, all BTEX compounds showed substrate inhibition to the bacteria, in terms of specific growth, degradation rate, and cell net yield. Cell growth was completely inhibited at 500 mg l(-1) of benzene, 600 mg l(-1) of o-xylene, and 1000 mg l(-1) of toluene. Without aeration, aerobic biodegradation of BTEX required additional oxygen provided as hydrogen peroxide in the medium. Under hypoxic conditions, however, nitrate could be used as an alternative electron acceptor for BTEX biodegradation when oxygen was limited and denitrification took place in the culture. The carbon mass balance study confirmed that benzene and toluene were completely mineralized to CO2 and H2O without producing any identifiable intermediate metabolites.
This article was published in Biodegradation
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology