alexa Kinetics of calmodulin binding to calcineurin.
Engineering

Engineering

Biosensors Journal

Author(s): Quintana AR, Wang D, Forbes JE, Waxham MN, Quintana AR, Wang D, Forbes JE, Waxham MN

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Abstract Calcineurin (CaN) binds Ca(2+)-saturated calmodulin (CaM) with relatively high affinity; however, an accurate steady-state K(d) value has not been determined. In this report, we describe, using steady-state and stopped-flow fluorescence techniques, the rates of association and dissociation of Ca(2+)-saturated CaM from CaN heterodimer (CaNA/CaNB) and CaNA only. The rate of Ca(2+)/CaM association was determined to be 4.6 x 10(7) M(-1)s(-1). The rate of Ca(2+)/CaM dissociation from CaN was slower than previously reported and was approximately 0.0012 s(-1). In preparations of CaNA alone (no regulatory CaNB subunit), the dissociation rate was slowed further to 0.00026 s(-1). From these data we calculate a K(d) for binding of Ca(2+)-saturated CaM to CaN of 28 pM. This K(d) is significantly lower than previously reported estimates of approximately 1 nM and indicates that CaN is one of the highest affinity CaM-binding proteins identified to date. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Biosensors Journal

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