Author(s): Flix L, Hernndez J, ArgellesMonal WM, Goycoolea FM
Abstract Share this page
Abstract N-Acylation of chitosan with carboxylic anhydrides in dilute acetic acid/methanol has been a well documented strategy to selectively modify chitosan. Although this reaction is known to lead to irreversible gel formation, the kinetics and mechanism of this process have not so far been addressed. To this purpose, gel formation during the N-isobutyrylation of chitosan was investigated as a function of the reaction stoichiometry (R), chitosan concentration, and temperature by small deformation oscillatory rheology. Gel formation follows closely the chemical reaction and it proceeds predominantly under second-order kinetics as established from the dependence of critical gel time, t(gel), on R and concentration. The activation energy value derived from t(gel) vs 1/T data (E(a) = 68.29 +/- 1.80 kJ/mol) was almost identical to values reported for the chitosan N-acetylation reaction in previous studies. An excess isobutyric anhydride is suggested to be necessary for nucleation and hydrophobic association. The potential application of N-isobutyrylchitosan (NIBC) hydrogels in the design of thermally sensitive materials is also demonstrated.
This article was published in Biomacromolecules
and referenced in Biology and Medicine