alexa Kinetics of organic removal in fixed-bed aerobic biological reactor.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Borghei SM, Sharbatmaleki M, Pourrezaie P, Borghei G

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Abstract The process kinetics of a lab-scale upflow aerobic immobilized biomass (UAIB) reactor using simulated sugar-manufacturing wastewater as feed was investigated. The experimental unit consisted of a 22l reactor filled with high porosity pumice stone. The UAIB reactor was tested under different organic loads and different hydraulic retention times (HRT) and the substrate loading removal rate was compared with prediction of Stover-Kincannon model, second-order model and the first order substrate removal model. After obtaining steady-state conditions, organic loading rate was increased from 750 to 4500 g COD/m(3) day to resemble wastewater from sugar production lines, and hydraulic retention time was decreased from 1 to 0.5 days, stepwise. Nine different operational conditions were applied changing these two parameters in a certain program. As a result of the calculations, Stover-Kincannon model and second-order model known as "Grau" model were found to be the most appropriate models for this reactor. Stover-Kincannon model and Grau second-order model gave high correlation coefficients, which were 99.7\% and 99.4\%, respectively. Therefore, these models could be used in predicting the behavior or design of the UAIB reactors. This article was published in Bioresour Technol and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

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