Author(s): Richtig E, Jung E, Asbck K, Trapp M, HofmannWellenhof R
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Abstract BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Understanding the public's perception of nevi and sunburn is crucial to melanoma prevention efforts. METHODS: We investigated the knowledge and perception of melanocytic nevi and sunburns in 77 children 6 to 10 years old (mean 8.2) in two elementary schools in Styria, Austria. The children were interviewed by specially trained psychologists about the number of their moles and how they felt having them. Additionally questions about sunburn history and sunburn perception were asked. The spontaneous answers of the children were recorded, there were no pregiven answers. Afterwards the children were examined by dermatologists clinically and with dermatoscopes. RESULTS: The 96\% of the children could describe a nevus (the term "mole" was translated to "nevus") and 91\% did not feel bothered about theirs. Only 26\% had noted the appearance of new nevi within the last year. The 67\% of all children had at least one sunburn and remembered the clinical features. The 20\% of the children knew that sunburns could provoke skin cancer. All children felt comfortable during the clinical and dermatoscopic examination. CONCLUSION: Children aged from 6 to 10 years know exactly why they had suffered from sunburn, can describe the sunburn and how to avoid it. They do not feel bothered by their nevi and are alert to the appearance of new nevi.
This article was published in Pediatr Dermatol
and referenced in Primary Healthcare: Open Access