alexa Knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian women towards breast cancer: a cross-sectional study.


Journal of Health Education Research & Development

Author(s): Okobia MN, Bunker CH, Okonofua FE, Osime U

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Late presentation of patients at advanced stages when little or no benefit can be derived from any form of therapy is the hallmark of breast cancer in Nigerian women. Recent global cancer statistics indicate rising global incidence of breast cancer and the increase is occurring at a faster rate in populations of the developing countries that hitherto enjoyed low incidence of the disease. Worried by this prevailing situation and with recent data suggesting that health behavior may be influenced by level of awareness about breast cancer, a cross-sectional study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of community-dwelling women in Nigeria towards breast cancer. METHODS: One thousand community-dwelling women from a semi-urban neighborhood in Nigeria were recruited for the study in January and February 2000 using interviewer-administered questionnaires designed to elicit sociodemographic information and knowledge, attitude and practices of these women towards breast cancer. Data analysis was carried out using Statistical Analysis Software (SAS) version 8.2. RESULTS: Study participants had poor knowledge of breast cancer. Mean knowledge score was 42.3\% and only 214 participants (21.4\%) knew that breast cancer presents commonly as a painless breast lump. Practice of breast self examination (BSE) was low; only 432 participants (43.2\%) admitted to carrying out the procedure in the past year. Only 91 study participants (9.1\%) had clinical breast examination (CBE) in the past year. Women with higher level of education (X2 = 80.66, p < 0.0001) and those employed in professional jobs (X2 = 47.11, p < 0.0001) were significantly more knowledgeable about breast cancer. Participants with higher level of education were 3.6 times more likely to practice BSE (Odds ratio [OR] = 3.56, 95\% Confidence interval [CI] 2.58-4.92). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that community-dwelling women in Nigeria have poor knowledge of breast cancer and minority practice BSE and CBE. In addition, education appears to be the major determinant of level of knowledge and health behavior among the study participants. We recommend the establishment and sustenance of institutional framework and policy guidelines that will enhance adequate and urgent dissemination of information about breast cancer to all women in Nigeria.
This article was published in World J Surg Oncol and referenced in Journal of Health Education Research & Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd World Congress on Health Economics Policy and Outcomes Research
    June 29-30, 2017 Madrid, Spain
  • 10th World Congress on Healthcare & Technologies
    July 17-18, 2017 Lisbon, Portugal

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version