alexa Knowledge Gaps and Research Challenges in the Contemporary Ergonomics
General Science

General Science

Journal of Ergonomics

Author(s): Kim IJ

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Ergonomic community has developed and documented a substantial body of knowledge and skills regarding interactions between humans and their environments, and methodologies for analysing and designing systems over the past 50 years [1]. The benefits of Ergonomics can appear in many different forms such as productivity and quality, safety and health, reliability, job satisfaction, and personal development. One of the basic aims of Ergonomics is to seek efficiency in purposeful effectiveness in the widest sense of achieving desired results without wasteful input, error, and damage to the person involved or to others. It is not useful to expand unnecessary energy or time because insufficient consideration is given to the design of work, workspace, working environment and conditions. Ergonomics focuses on systems in which humans interact with their environments. The environments are complex and consist of physical, organisational, and social issues [2-4]. The system can be a work system where the human is a worker and the environment is the working environment or a product/service system where the human is a product user or a person who receives a service and the environment is the environment where the product is used or where the service is received [5]. In view of these complexities, the best possible solutions would be to provide flexible situations where the human operator can optimize a specifically appropriate way of doing things. Unfortunately, such an approach is sometimes impracticable because a more efficient way is often not obvious, with the result that a worker can go on doing something a wrong way or in wrong conditions for years. Thus, it is necessary to adopt systematic approaches such as starting from a sound theory, setting measurable objectives, and checking success against these objectives [6]

This article was published in J Ergonomics and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics

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