Author(s): Xu H, Gorgy K, Gondran C, Le Goff A, Spinelli N,
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Abstract A label-free and highly sensitive impedimetric aptasensor was developed based on electropolymerized film for the determination of thrombin. The first step is the electrogeneration of a poly(pyrrole-nitrilotriacetic acid) (poly(pyrrole-NTA)) film onto the surface of electrodes followed by complexation of Cu(2+) ions. Then, the histidine labeled thrombin aptamer was immobilized onto the electrode through coordination of the histidine groups on the NTA-Cu(2+) complex. The aptamer sensor was applied for the detection and quantification of thrombin via impedimetric detection without a labeling step. A linear quantification of thrombin was obtained in the range 4.7×10(-12)-5.0×10(-10) mol L(-1) with a sensitivity of 2838 Ω/log unit (R(2)=0.9984). The impedance modulus at 0.3 Hz as a function of thrombin concentration was used to elaborate a similar linear relationship from 4.7×10(-12) to 5×10(-10) mol L(-1). In addition, aptamer-poly(pyrrole-NTA) electrodes incubated for 40 min in aqueous solutions of bovine serum albumin (BSA), lysozyme and IgG (5×10(-7) mol L(-1)) did not exhibit non-specific adsorption of proteins. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that the selective sensor can be regenerated several times with a good reproducibility. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques