Author(s): PaniaguaChavez CG, Tiersch TR
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Abstract The eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, is the most important cultured oyster species of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. Cryopreservation of gametes and larvae of aquatic organisms has increased in importance in recent years. However, studies on the cryopreservation of sperm and larvae of mollusks have focused on the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. The present study was conducted to improve cryopreservation of sperm and trochophore larvae and to assess fertilizing ability and male-to-male variation of thawed sperm of the eastern oyster. Sperm were diluted in 12 cryoprotectant solutions composed of Hanks' balanced salt solution without calcium and 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25\% (v/v) propylene glycol with or without 0.25 M sucrose. Trochophore larvae were suspended in artificial seawater and 10 or 15\% propylene glycol (v/v). Sperm or trochophore larvae were placed in 5-mL macrotubes and allowed to equilibrate for 15 min. The macrotubes were cooled in a controlled-rate freezer at a rate of 2.5 degrees C per min until reaching a final temperature of -30 degrees C and were plunged into liquid nitrogen. After storage for 2 weeks, the samples were thawed in a water bath at 70 degrees C for 15 s. Overall, for cryopreservation of sperm and larvae, best results were obtained using 10 or 15\% propylene glycol. Thawed sperm presented significant male-to-male variation in fertilizing ability. Survival of thawed larvae decreased as the concentration of larvae per macrotube increased. The procedures developed in this study for sperm and larvae are suitable for production of seedstock in commercial oyster hatcheries. Copyright 2001 Elsevier Science (USA).
This article was published in Cryobiology
and referenced in Poultry, Fisheries & Wildlife Sciences