Author(s): Shahzidi S, Brech A, Sioud M, Li X, Suo Z,
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Abstract Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with a light-activated drug is an approved modality for cancer treatment. Hexaminolevulinate (HAL), a hexylester of 5-aminolevulinic acid as the photosensitising protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) precursor, is clinically used for both PDT and photodetection. Our previous studies have shown that HAL-PDT can effectively induce apoptosis in several human blood malignant cell lines. However, the mechanisms involved in the apoptotic induction are still not fully elucidated. In this study we have focused on the role of cellular lamin A/C in the apoptotic induction. HAL-PDT-mediated apoptosis was confirmed by various techniques including fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy in both human B-cell lymphoma Ramos and Daudi cell lines. The lamin A/C, together with caspases-6 and -3, was cleaved during the apoptosis. Western blots, immunocytochemistry, fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy demonstrated that the specific caspase-6 inhibitor abrogated the HAL-PDT-mediated cleavages of both caspase-6 and lamin A/C and subsequent apoptosis in these two cell lines, suggesting that the cleavage of lamin A/C by the caspase-6 activation is crucial for such apoptotic induction. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cancer Lett
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis