Author(s): Bowyer SM, Moran JE, Weiland BJ, Mason KM, Greenwald ML,
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Abstract Magnetoencephalography recordings were made on 27 patients with localization related epilepsy during two different language tasks involving semantic and phonological processing (verb generation and picture naming). These patients underwent the semi-invasive intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP), also referred to as the Wada test, to determine the language-dominant hemisphere. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) data were analyzed by MR-FOCUSS, a current density imaging technique. A laterality index (LI) was calculated from this solution to determine which hemisphere had more neural activation during these language tasks. The LIs for three separate latencies, within each language task, were calculated to determine the latency that correlated best with each patient's IAP result. The LI for all language processing was calculated for the interval 150-550 ms, the second LI was calculated for the interval 230-290 ms (Wernicke's activation), and the third LI was calculated for the interval 396-460 ms (Broca's activation). In 23 of 24 epilepsy patients with a successful IAP, the LIs for Broca's activation, during the picture naming task, were in agreement with the results of the IAP (96\% agreement). One of three patients who had an undetermined or bilateral IAP had an LI calculated for Broca's activation (396-460 ms) that agreed with intracranial mapping and clinical testing. These results indicate an 89\% agreement rate (24 of 27) for magnetoencephalographic LI determination of the hemisphere of language dominance.
This article was published in Epilepsy Behav
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics