Author(s): Dols LF, Kok NF, Alwayn IP, Tran TC, Weimar W,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has become the preferred procedure for live donor nephrectomy. Most transplant surgeons are reluctant toward right-sided LDN (R-LDN) fearing short vessels and renal vein thrombosis. METHODS: In our institution, selection of the appropriate kidney for donation was based on the same criteria that traditionally governed open donor nephrectomy. All intraoperative and postoperative data were prospectively recorded. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-nine R-LDNs (56\%) and 124 left-sided LDNs (L-LDN, 44\%) were performed. Demographics did not significantly differ. Complications occurred in 10 (6\%) vs. 23 (19\%) procedures (R-LDN vs. L-LDN, P=0.002), resulting in 2 and 11 conversions, respectively. Right-sided kidney donation was the only independent preventative factor for complications in multivariate analysis (P=0.008, Odds ratio 0.33). R-LDN was associated with shorter operation time (mean 202 vs. 247 min, P<0.001) and less blood loss (139 vs. 294 mL, P<0.001). Hospital stay was 3 days in both groups. With regard to the recipients, the second warm ischemia time was similar (29 vs. 28 min, P=0.699). CONCLUSIONS: R-LDN is faster and safer than L-LDN and does not adversely affect graft function. R-LDN may be advocated to allow donors to benefit from the advantages of laparoscopic surgery.
This article was published in Transplantation
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research