Author(s): Simo KA, Niemeyer DJ, Swan RZ, Sindram D, Martinie JB,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Cystogastrostomy is commonly performed for internal drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts (PP) and concomitant debridement of walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN). While an open approach to cystogastrostomy is well established, an optimal minimally invasive technique continues to evolve. This laparoscopic transgastric endolumenal cystogastrostomy presented here allows for a large cystogastrostomy with complete debridement of necrosis and internal drainage through a minimally invasive approach. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 22 patients with symptomatic PP/WOPN treated with attempted laparoscopic transgastric endolumenal cystogastrostomy (Lap-TEC) and pancreatic debridement. Short- and long-term outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: From November 2006 to March 2013, a total of 22 Lap-TEC/pancreatic debridement procedures were attempted; 15 were completed laparoscopically. The median age of the cohort was 49.5 ± 12 years (range = 18-71), average body mass index = 29.1 kg/m(2), 77 \% had an ASA score ≥ 3, and 10 were female. Gallstones were the most common etiology (50 \%), and median time between initial presentation and surgery was 86 days (range = 0-360). Median operative time and estimated blood loss were 213 min and 100 cc, respectively. Forty-one percent of the patients were admitted to the ICU postoperatively and the average length of stay was 14 days (range = 4-50). Median follow-up was 2 months (range = 0-62.5), with one patient having a procedure-related complication. No other reoperations, late complications, or mortalities occurred. All patients had resolution of their symptoms and fluid collections. CONCLUSION: This technique of internal drainage via Lap-TEC and pancreatic debridement has been successful in achieving primary drainage and relieving symptoms of PP/WOPN with no mortality and minimal morbidity.
This article was published in Surg Endosc
and referenced in Journal of Surgery