Author(s): Haber J, Hopman W, Gomez M, Cartotto R
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Abstract Despite improved survival after burn center treatment for patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), little is known about the overall long-term outcomes in these patients. In this work we sought to analyze late outcomes in survivors of TEN who were treated in our burn center. Subjects completed a questionnaire that included the RAND 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) and the Dermatology Life Quality Index. Subjects were examined, when possible, and completed the Functional Independence Measure. Scores on the SF-36 were compared with age- and sex-matched National normative data. All results are presented as the mean +/- SD. Of 35 adults admitted with TEN between January 1, 1995, and January 6, 2003, 10 have died in hospital, 4 have died since discharge, and 8 have been lost to follow-up, leaving a study population of 13 subjects (age 45 +/- 18 years with initial \%TBSA involvement 65 +/- 29). Follow-up occurred at 38 +/- 27 months after discharge. The most common ophthalmic problems were chronic photosensitivity (54\%) and dry eyes (31\%). The Dermatology Life Quality Index (maximum-worst score = 30) was 9 +/- 10. SF-36 scores were significantly lower than in the age- and sex-matched normal population across all domains except mental health. The Functional Independence Measure score (maximum-best score = 126) was 123 +/- 4. Survivors of TEN demonstrate a high level of independent function in activities of daily living, but numerous complications of TEN significantly impair their overall quality of life, emphasizing the need for long-term follow-up.
This article was published in J Burn Care Rehabil
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology