alexa [Late preterm infants: A population at underestimated risk].
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health

Author(s): Guasch XD, Torrent FR, MartnezNadal S, Cern CV, Saco MJ,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There has been a gradual rise in prematurity rates recent years, almost exclusively at the expense of the late preterm (34 to 36 weeks). This population, although with less risk than smaller preterm gestational age, has a morbidity rate significantly higher than term infants. However, there is some underestimation regarding developments in the short and long term. The aim of this study was to look at the incidence of prematurity in our institution and to analyze morbidity and mortality in late preterm compared with term infants SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of newborns in our Hospital from January 1992 until December 31, 2008. Late preterm group was defined as between 34(0/7) and 36(6/7) weeks gestation (N=2003) and term infants from 37 to 42 weeks gestation (N=32015). We formed 2 subgroups according two time periods (1992-1998 and 2000-2008). The morbidity and mortality for each of the groups and subgroups, and the morbidity from week 34 to 42, were analysed and compared. RESULTS: During the period studied, the prematurity rate increased from 3.9\% to 9.8\%, exclusively at the expense of the late preterm (79\%). The rate of mortality in late preterm was 5 per thousand compared to 1.1 per thousand in the term (P <0.0001, OR 4.71, 95\% CI 2.3-9.5). The incidence of admission to the Neonatal Unit, Cesarean rate, twin, respiratory disorders, need for respiratory support in the form of nasal CPAP or mechanical ventilation, incidence of apnea, jaundice requiring phototherapy, hypoglycaemia and need for parenteral nutrition were significantly higher (P<0.0001) in the late preterm group compared with term infants. The morbidity rate decreased significantly as gestational age increased, with the lowest value from 39 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Morbidity and mortality in late preterm infants is significantly higher than in term infants. The guidelines for these near term premature babies need to be reviewed, looking for possible causes of prematurity, and trying to reduce their impact, as well as developing a protocol for their care and close monitoring to minimize the associated morbidity. There should be long-term monitoring to find out the consequences on their psychomotor development. The obstetrics group should be made aware of the true risks of births in the near-term gestational ages. This article was published in An Pediatr (Barc) and referenced in Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords