Author(s): Juhan CM, Alimi YS, Barthelemy PJ, Fabre DF, Riviere CS
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Abstract PURPOSE: Although anticoagulation therapy for iliofemoral venous thrombosis prevents pulmonary embolism, it is not designed to avoid the postthrombotic syndrome. Mechanical removal of the thrombus in the form of venous thrombectomy should yield better long-term results. The purpose of our study was to analyze the clinical outcome and venous valvular function of limbs 5 to 13 years after iliofemoral venous thrombectomy. METHODS: Seventy-seven lower extremities underwent venous thrombectomy for acute iliofemoral venous thrombosis and were monitored for a mean follow-up of 8 1/2 years (range, 5 to 13 years). Patency of the iliofemoral venous system, competence of the femoral popliteal valves, and clinical signs and symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency were evaluated in each case. RESULTS: Subsequent to early perioperative failure, patency remained stable over time at 84\%. Valvular competence was preserved in 80\% at 5 years; however, it decreased to 56\% at 10 years. It is important that more than 90\% of the limbs had no symptoms or mild symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency. CONCLUSIONS: Venous thrombectomy should be considered for primary treatment in selected cases of early iliofemoral venous thrombosis.
This article was published in J Vasc Surg
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals