Author(s): Guglielmi C, Palermo A, Pozzilli P
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Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder resulting from a defect in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. An effect of this process is chronic hyperglycaemia with disorder of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism and with long-term complications of diabetes including retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a type of autoimmune diabetes that resembles Type 1 diabetes (T1D), however, it shows a later onset and slower progression towards insulin necessity. Epidemiological studies suggest that LADA may account for 2-12\% of all cases of diabetes in adult population. The epidemiology and phenotypic characteristics of LADA may vary between Caucasian and Asian diabetic patients as lifestyle, food habits and body mass index differ between these two populations. Data on LADA from population-based studies in Asia are sparse and only few studies have looked at it. A number of attractive therapeutic interventions may be envisaged for prevention of beta-cell loss in LADA, including hypoglycaemic and immunomodulatory agents. Because the autoimmune process in LADA seems to be slower than in childhood T1D, there is a wider window of opportunities for intervention. In deciding the best therapeutic approach, features of LADA should guide therapy including presence of other comorbidities that may influence the therapeutic choice. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This article was published in Diabetes Metab Res Rev
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism