Author(s): Marin SJ, McMillin GA
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Abstract We describe a single method for the detection and quantitation of 13 commonly prescribed benzodiazepines and metabolites: alpha-hydroxyalprazolam, alpha-hydroxyethylflurazepam, alpha-hydroxytriazolam, alprazolam, desalkylflurazepam, diazepam, lorazepam, midazolam, nordiazepam, oxazepam, temazepam, clonazepam and 7-aminoclonazepam in urine, serum, plasma, and meconium. The urine and meconium specimens undergo enzyme hydrolysis to convert the compounds of interest to their free form. All specimens are prepared for analysis using solid-phase extraction (SPE), analyzed using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and quantified using a three-point calibration curve. Deuterated analogs of all 13 analytes are included as internal standards. The instrument is operated in multiple reaction-monitoring (MRM) mode with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source in positive ionization mode. Urine and meconium specimens have matrix-matched calibrators and controls. The serum and plasma specimens are quantified using the urine calibrators but employing plasma-based controls. Oxazepam glucuronide is used as a hydrolysis control.
This article was published in Methods Mol Biol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta