Author(s): Abobo CV, Wu L, John J, Joseph MK, Bates TR,
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Abstract Etravirine is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) that is active against NNRT-resistant HIV-1. A simple, sensitive, and specific LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the analysis of etravirine in rat plasma using itraconazole as the internal standard. The analytes were extracted with ethyl acetate and chromatographed on a reverse-phase XTerra MS C₁₈ column. Elution was achieved with a mobile phase gradient varying the proportion of a 2 mM ammonium acetate aqueous solution containing 0.1\% formic acid (solvent A) and a 0.1\% formic acid in methanol solution (solvent B) at a flow rate of 300 μL/min. The analytes were monitored by tandem-mass spectrometry with positive electrospray ionization. The precursor/product transitions (m/z) in the positive ion mode were 435.9→163.6 and 706.7→392.6 for etravirine and the internal standard, respectively. Calibration curves were linear over the etravirine rat plasma concentration range of 1-100 ng/mL. The inter- and intra-day accuracy and precision were within ±10\%. The assay has been successfully used for pharmacokinetic evaluation of etravirine using the rat as an animal model. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability