Author(s): Travis A, Amsterdam A, Belanger C, Grosschedl R, Travis A, Amsterdam A, Belanger C, Grosschedl R
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Abstract Lymphoid-specific cDNA clones were isolated that encode a nuclear protein with homology to the chromosomal nonhistone protein HMG-1 and to putative regulators of cell specialization, including the mammalian testis-determining factor SRY and fungal mating-type proteins. The gene represented by the isolated cDNA clones, termed LEF-1 (lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1), is developmentally regulated and expressed in pre-B and T lymphocytes but not in later-stage B cells or nonlymphoid tissues. Both endogenous and recombinant LEF-1 were shown to bind to a functionally important site in the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) alpha enhancer. Maximal TCR alpha enhancer activity was found to parallel the cell type-specific expression pattern of LEF-1. Moreover, forced expression of recombinant LEF-1 in late stage B cells increases TCR alpha enhancer function. Taken together, these data suggest that LEF-1 is a regulatory participant in lymphocyte gene expression and differentiation.
This article was published in Genes Dev
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy