alexa Left and right ventricular myocardial performance index (Tei index) in very-low-birth-weight infants.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Murase M, Ishida A, Morisawa T

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Abstract This study presents a report of serial assessment of ventricular myocardial performance index (Tei index) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. One hundred ninety-five VLBW infants, weighing <1,500 g, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care units at Kakogawa Municipal Hospital between September 2000 and August 2004. Left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) Tei indexes were assessed consecutively from birth to day 28 in all VLBW infants using pulsed-Doppler echocardiography. The mean values of the LV Tei index rose rapidly from 3 to 12 h after birth and then fell significantly after 24 h. Those of the RV Tei index increased slightly from 3 to 12 h, then decreased drastically after 24 h. The LV Tei index was found to correlate inversely with LV output and LV ejection fraction in the early neonatal period, while the relationship between the LV Tei index and the LV E/A velocity ratio was not significant. The RV Tei index was inversely correlated with RV output. In conclusion, both of the ventricular Tei indexes in VLBW infants showed drastic and significant changes on the first to second day after birth. This article was published in Pediatr Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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