Author(s): Sharma JN, Uma K, Yusof AP, Sharma JN, Uma K, Yusof AP
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We investigated the cardiac tissue kallikrein and kininogen levels, left ventricular wall thickness and mean arterial blood pressure of Wistar Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats with and without streptozotocin-induced diabetes. The mean arterial blood pressure was highly elevated (P<0.001) in Wistar Kyoto diabetic and spontaneously hypertensive diabetic rats as compared with their respective controls. The cardiac tissue kallikrein and kininogen levels were reduced significantly (P<0.001) in diabetic Wistar Kyoto, spontaneously hypertensive and diabetic spontaneously hypertensive compared with Wistar Kyoto control rats. In addition, the left ventricular thickness was found to be increased (P<0.001) in diabetic Wistar Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats in the presence and in the absence of diabetes. Our results indicate that reduced activity of the kinin-forming system may be responsible for inducing left ventricular hypertrophy in the presence of raised mean arterial blood pressure in diabetic and hypertensive rats. Thus, the kinin-forming components might have a protective role against the development of left ventricular hypertrophy. The possible significance of these findings is discussed.
This article was published in Int J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research