alexa Leptin decreases plasma paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and induces oxidative stress: the possible novel mechanism for proatherogenic effect of chronic hyperleptinemia.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Betowski J, Wjcicka G, Jamroz A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Obesity is an important risk factor of atherosclerosis; however, the mechanism of proatherogenic effect of obesity is not definitely established. Recent studies suggest an important role of leptin in obesity associated complications. We investigated the effect of chronic hyperleptinemia on two antioxidant enzymes contained in plasma lipoproteins: paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and platelet activating factor-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The study was performed on three groups of male Wistar rats: (1) control, fed ad libitum, (2) leptin treated, receiving leptin (0.25 mg/kg twice daily s.c. for 7 days), (3) pair-fed, in which food intake was identical as in leptin-treated animals. PON1 activity toward paraoxon, phenyl acetate, gamma-decanolactone and homogentisic acid lactone was lower in leptin-treated than in control group by 30.4, 30.8, 34.5 and 62\%, respectively. Leptin increased plasma concentration and urinary excretion of isoprostanes by 46.4 and 49.2\%, respectively. Leptin treatment had no effect on plasma lipid profile and glucose level. Plasma leptin was 208.8\% higher in leptin-treated and 51.5\% lower in pair-fed than in control group. These data indicate that hyperleptinemia induced by exogenous leptin administration markedly decreases plasma PON1 activity and induces oxidative stress. These mechanisms may be involved in atherogenesis in hyperleptinemic obese individuals.
This article was published in Atherosclerosis and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords