Author(s): Kato H, Ueki S, Kamada R, Kihara J, Yamauchi Y,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Tissue eosinophilia is one of the hallmarks of allergic diseases and Th2-type immune responses including asthma. Systemic inflammation caused by adipose tissue in obesity via production of adipokines such as leptin has been attracting attention recently as a contributor to exacerbation of allergic immune reactions. In this study, we examined whether leptin might affect eosinophil chemotactic responses. METHODS: Peripheral blood eosinophils were purified, and the effect of leptin on eosinophil migration was investigated using in vitro systems. RESULTS: High concentrations of leptin induced eosinophil chemotaxis and rapid phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase but not calcium mobilization. We also found that pretreatment of eosinophils with physiological concentrations of leptin amplified the chemotactic responses to eotaxin. This leptin-primed chemotaxis appears to be associated with increased calcium mobilization but not with ERK1/2 and p38 pathways. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that leptin has both direct and indirect effects on eosinophil chemotaxis and intracellular signaling. In physiological settings, leptin may maintain eosinophil accumulation at allergic inflammatory foci. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Int Arch Allergy Immunol
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research