Author(s): Abdelhaleem MM, Hatskelzon L, Dalal BI, Gerrard JM, Greenberg AH
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Abstract A membrane glycoprotein of human platelet dense granules, called granulophysin, with serologic homology to synaptophysin has recently been identified. To determine if this protein was present in granulated leukocytes, we examined several cell types for the presence of the protein by indirect immunofluorescence. Antigranulophysin mAb staining was detected in a granular pattern in the cytoplasm of permeabilized IL-2-stimulated CD3+ peripheral lymphocytes, neutrophils, U937 monocytes, and mast cells. Immunohistochemistry of human lymph nodes showed cytoplasmic staining of macrophages, neutrophils, and some dendritic cells. Induction of granule exocytosis in granulated CD3+ lymphocytes after stimulation with PMA and calcium ionophore A23187 resulted in a redistribution of the reactive epitope from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane. Subcellular fractions contained two peaks of reactivity; the first peak coincided with N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine thiobenzyl ester-esterase activity in dense granules whereas the second peak was present in lighter fractions. The affinity purified protein from both peaks was identical in Western blot analysis and had a molecular mass of 28 kDa under reducing conditions. The protein could only be solubilized in detergent suggesting that it was an integral membrane protein. We have named this protein leukophysin to differentiate it from the 40-kDa granulophysin of platelets. Monocytes contained a protein with identical m.w. to leukophysin, whereas a protein of a slightly higher m.w. was detected in neutrophils. We propose that leukophysin is a common granule membrane protein of leukocytes.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access