alexa Levodopa treatment reverses endocannabinoid system abnormalities in experimental parkinsonism.
Medicine

Medicine

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Maccarrone M, Gubellini P, Bari M, Picconi B, Battista N,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Cannabinoid receptors and their endogenous ligands are potent inhibitors of neurotransmitter release in the brain. Here, we show that in a rat model of Parkinson's disease induced by unilateral nigral lesion with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), the striatal levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) were increased, while the activity of its membrane transporter and hydrolase (fatty-acid amide hydrolase, FAAH) were decreased. These changes were not observed in the cerebellum of the same animals. Moreover, the frequency and amplitude of glutamate-mediated spontaneous excitatory post-synaptic currents were augmented in striatal spiny neurones recorded from parkinsonian rats. Remarkably, the anomalies in the endocannabinoid system, as well as those in glutamatergic activity, were completely reversed by chronic treatment of parkinsonian rats with levodopa, and the pharmacological inhibition of FAAH restored a normal glutamatergic activity in 6-OHDA-lesioned animals. Thus, the increased striatal levels of AEA may reflect a compensatory mechanism trying to counteract the abnormal corticostriatal glutamatergic drive in parkinsonian rats. However, this mechanism seems to be unsuccessful, since spontaneous excitatory activity is still higher in these animals. Taken together, these data show that anomalies in the endocannabinoid system induced by experimental parkinsonism are restricted to the striatum and can be reversed by chronic levodopa treatment, and suggest that inhibition of FAAH might represent a possible target to decrease the abnormal cortical glutamatergic drive in Parkinson's disease.
This article was published in J Neurochem and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords