Author(s): Shanker V, Rayabandla SM, Kumavath RN, Chintalapati S, Chintalapati R
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Abstract In an attempt to understand the aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism by purple bacteria that do not grow at their expense, we earlier reported 2-aminobenzoate transformation by a purple non-sulfur bacterium, Rhodobacter sphaeroides OU5 (Sunayana et al., 2005, J Ind Microbiol Biotech 32:41-45), which is extended in the present study with aniline, a major environmental pollutant. Aniline did not support photo (light anaerobic) or chemo (dark aerobic) heterotrophic growth of Rhodobacter sphaeroides OU5 either as a sole source of carbon or nitrogen. However, light-dependent aniline transformation was observed in the culture supernatants and the products were identified as indole derivatives. The transformation was dependent on a tricarboxylate intermediate, fumarate. Five intermediates of the aniline biotransformation pathway were isolated and identified as indole esters having a mass of 443, 441, 279, 189, and 167 with unstoichiometric total indole yields of 0.16 mM: from 5 mM: of aniline consumed. The pathway proposed based on these intermediates suggest a novel xenobiotic detoxification process in bacteria.
This article was published in Curr Microbiol
and referenced in Modern Chemistry & Applications