alexa Limited autolysis reduces the Ca2+ requirement of a smooth muscle Ca2+-activated protease.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

Author(s): Hathaway DR, Werth DK, Haeberle JR

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Abstract Chicken gizzard smooth muscle contains large amounts of Ca2+-activated protease activity. Approximately 15 mg of purified enzyme can be obtained from 1 kg of fresh muscle. The enzyme consists of two subunits (Mr = 80,000 and 30,000) present in a 1:1 molar ratio. In the presence of CaCl2, the 80,000/30,000-dalton heterodimer (form I) is rapidly converted by limited autolysis to a 76,000/18,000-dalton species (form II). Both the 80,000- and 30,000-dalton subunits are degraded simultaneously. Moreover, the Ca2+ dependence for autolysis (K0.5 = 300 microM) is identical for both subunits. Neither the time course nor the Ca2+ dependence of the autolytic conversion reaction is altered by 10- and 20-fold molar excesses of substrate. Limited autolysis markedly reduces the Ca2+ requirement for substrate degradation. Using N-[ethyl-2-3H]maleimide-labeled 27,000-dalton cardiac myosin light chains as substrate, the Ca2+ requirement of form I was found to be quite high (K0.5 = 150 microM). Under similar conditions, the Ca2+ requirement of form II was 30-fold lower (K0.5 = 5 microM). Limited autolysis did not alter the specific activity of the enzyme. Our results demonstrate that smooth muscle contains an abundant amount of Ca2+-activated protease. Moreover, autolysis of this enzyme may play an important regulatory role by converting the native form to a species that is fully active at physiological levels of intracellular calcium ion.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

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