alexa Limits of detection for the determination of mono- and dicarboxylic acids using gas and liquid chromatographic methods coupled with mass spectrometry.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): vov J, Bernek J, Nelson EP, Diep BA, Kubtov A

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Abstract The chromatographic separation and instrumental limits of detection (LODs) were obtained for a broad range of C(1)-C(18) monocarboxylic (MCAs) and C(2)-C(14) dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) employing either chemical derivatization followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and flame ionization detection (GC-MS/FID) or direct analysis with liquid chromatography high resolution MS and tandem MS (LC-MS). Suitability, efficiency and stability of reaction products for several derivatization agents used for esterification (BF(3)/butanol), and trimethysilylation, including trimethylsilyl-N-N-dimethylcarbamate (TMSDMC) and N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA) were evaluated. The lowest limits of detection for the majority of compounds below 10 pg (with the exception of acetic acid) were obtained for derivatization with BF(3)/butanol followed by GC-MS in the total ion current (TIC) mode. Further improvements were achieved when applying either selected ion monitoring (SIM), which decreased the LODs to 1-4 pg or a combination of SIM and TIC (SITI) (2-5 pg). GC-FID provided LODs comparable to those obtained by GC-MS TIC. Both trimethylsilylation (followed by GC-MS) and direct LC-MS/MS analysis yielded LODs of 5-40 pg for most of the acids. For volatile acids the LODs were higher, e.g., 25 and 590 ng for TMSDMC and BSTFA derivatized formic acid, respectively, whereas the LC-MS methods did not allow for the analysis of formic acid at all. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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