Author(s): Stewart BJ, Roede JR, Doorn JA, Petersen DR
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Hepatic oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation are common features of several prevalent disease states, including alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a common component of the metabolic syndrome. These conditions are characterized in part by excessive accumulation of lipids within hepatocytes, which can lead to autocatalytic degradation of cellular lipids giving rise to electrophilic end products of lipid peroxidation. The pathobiology of reactive lipid aldehydes remains poorly understood. We therefore sought to investigate the effects of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and 4-oxononenal (4-ONE) on the transport and secretion of very low-density lipoprotein using HepG2 cells as a model hepatocyte system. Physiologically relevant concentrations of 4-HNE and 4-ONE rapidly disrupted cellular microtubules in a concentration-dependent manner. Interestingly, 4-ONE reduced apolipoprotein B-100 (ApoB) secretion while 4-HNE did not significantly impair secretion. Both 4-HNE and 4-ONE formed adducts with ApoB protein, but 4-HNE adducts were detectable as mono-adducts, while 4-ONE adducts were present as protein-protein cross-links. These results demonstrate that reactive aldehydes generated by lipid peroxidation can differ in their biological effects, and that these differences can be mechanistically explained by the structures of the protein adducts formed.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics