alexa Lipid aldehyde-mediated cross-linking of apolipoprotein B-100 inhibits secretion from HepG2 cells.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Stewart BJ, Roede JR, Doorn JA, Petersen DR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Hepatic oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation are common features of several prevalent disease states, including alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a common component of the metabolic syndrome. These conditions are characterized in part by excessive accumulation of lipids within hepatocytes, which can lead to autocatalytic degradation of cellular lipids giving rise to electrophilic end products of lipid peroxidation. The pathobiology of reactive lipid aldehydes remains poorly understood. We therefore sought to investigate the effects of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and 4-oxononenal (4-ONE) on the transport and secretion of very low-density lipoprotein using HepG2 cells as a model hepatocyte system. Physiologically relevant concentrations of 4-HNE and 4-ONE rapidly disrupted cellular microtubules in a concentration-dependent manner. Interestingly, 4-ONE reduced apolipoprotein B-100 (ApoB) secretion while 4-HNE did not significantly impair secretion. Both 4-HNE and 4-ONE formed adducts with ApoB protein, but 4-HNE adducts were detectable as mono-adducts, while 4-ONE adducts were present as protein-protein cross-links. These results demonstrate that reactive aldehydes generated by lipid peroxidation can differ in their biological effects, and that these differences can be mechanistically explained by the structures of the protein adducts formed.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference on Bioinformatics
    October 23-24, 2017 Paris, France
  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Proteomics
    October 23-25, 2017 Paris, France

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords