alexa Lipid lowering with PCSK9 inhibitors.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Atherosclerosis: Open Access

Author(s): Dadu RT, Ballantyne CM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Statins are the most-effective therapy currently available for lowering the LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) level and preventing cardiovascular events. Additional therapies are necessary for patients who cannot reach the target LDL-C level when taking the maximum-tolerated dose of a statin. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is an enzyme with an important role in lipoprotein metabolism. Rare gain-of-function mutations in PCSK9 lead to a high LDL-C level and premature coronary heart disease, whereas loss-of-function variants lead to a low LDL-C level and a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease. Furthermore, the PCSK9 level is increased with statin therapy through negative feedback, which promotes LDL-receptor degradation and decreases the efficacy of LDL-C lowering with statins. PCSK9 inhibition is, therefore, a rational therapeutic target, and several approaches are being pursued. In phase I, II, and III trials, inhibition of PCSK9 with monoclonal antibodies has produced an additional 50-60\% decrease in the LDL-C level when used in combination with statin therapy, compared with statin monotherapy. In short-term trials, PCSK9 inhibitors were well tolerated and had a low incidence of adverse effects. Ongoing phase III trials will provide information about the long-term safety of these drugs, and their efficacy in preventing cardiovascular events. This article was published in Nat Rev Cardiol and referenced in Atherosclerosis: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version