Author(s): Denizot Y, Godard A, Raher S, Trimoreau F, Praloran V
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Abstract Bone marrow stromal cells regulate marrow haematopoiesis by secreting interleukins (IL) such as IL-8. Lipid mediators modulate IL-8 synthesis in numerous cell types. We have investigated the effects of 5 lipid mediators (PAF, PGE(2), LTB(4), 12-HETE and 15-HETE) on the spontaneous and cytokine-induced IL-8 synthesis by human bone marrow stromal cells. By using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) we demonstrate that these cells constitutively express IL-8 transcripts. By using a specific ELISA, we found that the production of IL-8 by marrow stromal cells is enhanced after stimulation with 12-HETE (1 microM) both in serum-free and serum-containing culture medium. LTB(4)(1 microM) enhances IL-8 production only in serum-supplemented medium. PAF, PGE(2)and 15-HETE (1 microM to 0.1 nM) have no effect on the spontaneous and serum-induced production of IL-8 by human bone marrow stromal cells. PGE(2)(1 microM or 10 nM) reduces marrow stromal cell IL-8 synthesis in response to IL-1alpha or TNF-alpha. In contrast, PAF, 12-HETE, 15-HETE and LTB(4)have no effect. In conclusion, various lipid mediators modulate the spontaneous, serum- or cytokine-induced IL-8 synthesis by bone marrow stromal cells, highlighting, for the first time, their potential role in the regulation of IL-8 production within the human bone marrow. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
This article was published in Cytokine
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy