alexa Lipid-protein interactions in the membrane: studies with model peptides.


Chemical Sciences Journal

Author(s): Mall S, Sharma RP, East JM, Lee AG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have used fluorescence quenching of tryptophan-containing trans-membrane peptides by bromine-containing phospholipids to study the specificity of peptide-lipid interactions. We have synthesized peptides Ac-K2GLm WLnK2A-amide where m = 7 and n = 9 (L16) and m = 10 and n = 12 (L22). Binding constants of L22 for dioleoylphosphatidylserine [di(C18 : 1)PS] or dioleoylphosphatidic acid [di(C18 : 1)PA] relative to dieoleoylphosphatidylcholine [di(C18 : 1)PC] were close to 1. However, for L16, whilst the bulk of the di(C18 : 1)PA molecules bound with a binding constant relative to di(C18 : 1)PC close to 1, a small number of di(C18 : 1)PA molecules bound much more strongly. Assuming just one high affinity binding site on L16 for anionic lipid, the affinity of the site for di(C18 : 1)PS was calculated to be ca. 8 times that for di (C18 : 1)PC. The relative binding constant was little affected by ionic strength and close contact between the anionic headgroup of di(C18 : 1)PS and a lysine residue on the peptide was suggested. The relative binding constant for di(C18 : 1)PS at this high affinity site was less than for di(C18 : 1)PA. Cholesterol interacts with L22 with an affinity about 0.7 of that of di(C18 : 1)PC. The structure of the peptide itself is important. The peptide Ac-KKGYL6WL8YKKA-amide (Y2L14) incorporated into bilayers of dinervonylphosphatidylcholine [di(C24 : 1)PC] whereas L16 did not incorporate into this lipid. It is suggested that thinning of a lipid bilayer around a peptide to give optimal hydrophobic matching is less energetically unfavourable when a Tyr residue is located in the lipid/water interfacial region.
This article was published in Faraday Discuss and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version