Author(s): Jain SK, Lim G
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Abstract Lipoic acid supplementation has been found to be beneficial in preventing neurovascular abnormalities in diabetic neuropathy. Insufficient (Na(+) + K(+))-ATPase activity has been suggested as a contributing factor in the development of diabetic neuropathy. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that lipoic acid reduces lipid peroxidation and glycosylation and can increase the (Na(+) + K(+))- and Ca(++)-ATPase activities in high glucose-exposed red blood cells (RBC). Washed normal human RBC were treated with normal (6 mM) and high glucose concentrations (45 mM) with 0-0.2 mM lipoic acid (mixture of S and R sterioisomers) in a shaking water bath at 37 degrees C for 24 h. There was a significant stimulation of glucose consumption by RBC in the presence of lipoic acid both in normal and high glucose-treated RBC. Lipoic acid significantly lowered the level of glycated hemoglobin (GHb) and lipid peroxidation in RBC exposed to high glucose concentrations. High glucose treatment significantly lowered the activities of (Na(+) + K(+))- and Ca(++)-ATPases of RBC membranes. Lipoic acid addition significantly blocked the reduction in activities of (Na(+) + K(+))- and Ca(++)-ATPases in high glucose- treated RBC. There were no differences in lipid peroxidation, GHb and (Na(+) + K(+))- and Ca(++)-ATPase activity levels in normal glucose-treated RBC with and without lipoic acid. Thus, lipoic acid can lower lipid peroxidation and protein glycosylation, and increase (Na(+) + K(+))- and Ca(++)-ATPase activities in high-glucose exposed RBC, which provides a potential mechanism by which lipoic acid may delay or inhibit the development of neuropathy in diabetes.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques