alexa α-Lipoic acid normalizes nociceptive neuronal activity at the spinal cord of diabetic rats.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Morgado C, PereiraTerra P, Tavares I

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Abstract AIM: To evaluate the effects of antioxidant treatment of streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats with α-lipoic acid (α-LA) in neuronal and microglial activation at the spinal cord, an important relay station of nociceptive transmission. Because of the role of the potassium chloride co-transporter 2 (KCC2) in neuronal activation at the spinal cord and the influence of microglia in KCC2 expression, we also evaluated the effects of α-LA in KCC2 expression at the spinal cord. METHODS: Four weeks after STZ injection, the rats received daily intraperitoneal injections of α-LA (100 mg/kg), during 2 weeks. Mechanical nociception was evaluated before and after α-LA treatment. Spinal cords were immunoreacted against 8-OH-dG (marker of oxidative stress damage), Fos (marker of neuronal activation) and CD11b (marker of microglia). KCC2 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. RESULTS: Treatment with α-LA decreased the 8-OH-dG and Fos expressions to controls' levels, but did not affect CD11b. Treatment with α-LA alleviated mechanical hyperalgesia and partially corrected KCC2 expression. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that neuronal hyperactivity at the spinal cord of STZ-diabetic rats can be corrected by α-LA, which may account for alleviation of mechanical hyperalgesia. These effects are probably partially mediated by KCC2, but are independent from microglia. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. This article was published in Diabetes Obes Metab and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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