alexa Lipoic acid-derived amphiphiles for redox-controlled DNA delivery.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Balakirev M, Schoehn G, Chroboczek J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Intracellular release of free DNA from the vector complex is one of the critical steps limiting the efficiency of non-viral gene delivery. The complex should be stable enough to prevent DNA degradation but it should be destabilized inside the cell to allow DNA release and transcription. Destabilization and degradation of synthetic vectors is also required to reduce their cytotoxicity and augment the life-time of transfected cells. RESULTS: Here we describe new cationic amphiphiles made from the natural pro-vitamin, lipoic acid, that reversibly binds and releases DNA, depending on the redox state of the lipoate moieties. In the oxidized state these amphiphiles condense DNA into homogeneous spherical particles, which, upon reduction, swell into DNA toroids with subsequent release of free DNA. Complex reduction and DNA release can be induced by various thiols as well as enzymatically, by thioredoxin reductase. Transfection with amphiphile-DNA complexes in vitro shows a several fold increase of transgene expression compared with DOTAP, and can be further augmented by attachment of the nucleus-targeting peptide to the amphiphile. The increase of transfection efficiency results from GSH- and NAD(P)H-dependent complex reduction and release of free DNA inside the cells. CONCLUSIONS: The present work demonstrates the principle of a redox-controlled gene delivery system that uses the reversibility of thiol-disulfide exchange reaction. Our data suggest that the efficiency of synthetic vectors can be augmented by their controlled destabilization inside the cells. Being formed from the natural non-toxic compound lipoic acid, these cationic amphiphiles provide a new promising class of synthetic vectors for gene delivery.
This article was published in Chem Biol and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords