Author(s): Doi M, Kondo Y, Tsutsumi K
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Abstract The lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activator NO-1886 (ibrolipim) has been shown to have potential benefits for the treatment of obesity in rats. However, the anti-obesity mechanism of NO-1886 has not been clearly understood. To address this, we studied the effects of NO-1886 on the mRNA expression of fatty acid oxidation-related enzymes in rats. The respiratory quotient (RQ) in rats administered a single oral dose of NO-1886 was significantly lower than control rats under both fed and fasted conditions. NO-1886 orally administered to rats for 7 days caused 1.54-fold increase in carnitine palmitoyl transferase II (CPTII) mRNA in the carnitine palmitoyl transferase system. Furthermore, NO-1886 caused a 1.47-fold increase in long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) mRNA, a 1.49-fold increase in acetyl-CoA acyltransferase 2 (ACAA2) mRNA, and a 1.24-fold increase in enoyl-CoA hydratase (ECH) mRNA in rats, all which are liver beta-oxidation enzymes. NO-1886 also increased uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) mRNA levels in liver by 1.42-fold when compared to the control group. These results suggest that the LPL activator NO-1886 may accelerate the expression of fatty acid oxidation-related enzymes, resulting in a reduction of RQ.
This article was published in Metabolism
and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy