alexa Lipoprotein lipase and apoE polymorphisms: relationship to hypertriglyceridemia during pregnancy.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): McGladdery SH, Frohlich JJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Pregnancy is associated with increases in plasma total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG). Individuals with decreased LPL activity have a mild form of hypertriglyceridemia. Variations in the apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene have been associated with increases in plasma TG in addition to differences in plasma TC, LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), and HDL cholesterol (HDL-C). Because of the overproduction of TG-rich VLDL, normal pregnancy challenges the lipolytic capacity of LPL and the clearance of remnants particles. During pregnancy, LPL and apoE polymorphisms may contribute to hypertriglyceridemia. This study investigated the impact of three LPL polymorphisms and the apoE genotypes on lipid levels during pregnancy. Fasting plasma lipids were measured and analyses of the LPL and apoE polymorphisms were performed in 250 women in the third trimester of pregnancy. S447X carriers had lower TG (P = 0.003), and N291S carriers had lower HDL-C (P < 0.02) and higher fractional esterification rate of HDL (FER(HDL)) (P = 0.007), a measure of HDL particle size, than the noncarriers. The E2 allele was associated with lower TC, LDL-C, and FER(HDL) (P < 0.05) compared to the E3/E3 genotype. These findings support that LPL and apoE polymorphisms play an important role in lipid metabolism in pregnancy. The relationship of these polymorphisms to risk of coronary heart disease in women requires further study.
This article was published in J Lipid Res and referenced in Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version