Author(s): Conte FP, MenezesdeLima O Jr, Verri WA Jr, Cunha FQ, Penido C,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) is a lipid mediator involved in the resolution of inflammation. Increased levels of LXA(4) in synovial fluid and enhanced expression of the formyl peptide receptor 2/lipoxin A(4) receptor (FPR2/ALX) in the synovial tissues of rheumatoid arthritis patients have been reported. Endothelins (ETs) play a pivotal pro-inflammatory role in acute articular inflammatory responses. Here, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory role of LXA(4), during the acute phase of zymosan-induced arthritis, focusing on the modulation of ET-1 expression and its effects. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The anti-inflammatory effects of LXA(4), BML-111 (agonist of FPR2/ALX receptors) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) pre- and post-treatments were investigated in a murine model of zymosan-induced arthritis. Articular inflammation was assessed by examining knee joint oedema; neutrophil accumulation in synovial cavities; and levels of prepro-ET-1 mRNA, leukotriene (LT)B(4), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and the chemokine KC/CXCL1, after stimulation. The direct effect of LXA(4) on ET-1-induced neutrophil activation and chemotaxis was evaluated by shape change and Boyden chamber assays respectively. KEY RESULTS: LXA(4), BML-111 and ASA administered as pre- or post-treatment inhibited oedema and neutrophil influx induced by zymosan stimulation. Zymosan-induced preproET-1 mRNA, KC/CXCL1, LTB(4) and TNF-α levels were also decreased after LXA(4) pretreatment. In vitro, ET-1-induced neutrophil chemotaxis was inhibited by LXA(4) pretreatment. LXA(4) treatment also inhibited ET-1-induced oedema formation and neutrophil influx into mouse knee joints. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION: LXA(4) exerted anti-inflammatory effects on articular inflammation through a mechanism that involved the inhibition of ET-1 expression and its effects. © 2010 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2010 The British Pharmacological Society.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research