Author(s): Jim K, Hassid A, Sun F, Dunn MJ
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Abstract We examined the possibility that renal glomerular and cortical tubular tissue has lipoxygenase activity in addition to the well established cyclo-oxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism. Homogenized rat kidney glomeruli, in the presence of meclofenamate (33 microM) and divalent cation ionophore A23187 (3 microM), metabolized octatritiated arachidonic acid to 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and lesser amounts of 80 and/or 9-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid. These products were identified by thin layer chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. In order to rule out the synthesis of hydroxylated fatty acids by platelets and leukocytes entrapped in the glomeruli, we studied lipoxygenase products in glomerular epithelial cells after 9 days in cell culture. Homogenized glomerular epithelial cells converted octatritiated arachidonic acid to 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid solely. The lipoxygenase activity in cortical tubules was substantially less than in glomeruli and only 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid was synthesized. The production of hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid by lipoxygenase inhibitors, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, 5,-homogenized glomeruli, glomerular epithelial cells, and cortical tubules was inhibited by three 8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid, and 1-phenyl-3-pyrazolidone. These data demonstrate that there is lipoxygenase activity in rat kidney glomeruli, glomerular epithelial cells and to a lesser extent cortical tubules, and may imply a role of the lipoxygenase products in the regulation of normal glomerular function and inflammatory disease of the kidney.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism