alexa Load-dependent movement regulation of lateral stretch shortening cycle jumps.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Author(s): Jana Fleischmann, Dominic Gehring, Guillaume Mornieux, Albert Gollhofer

Abstract Share this page

The classical stretch shortening cycle (SSC) describes sagittal joint flexion-extensions in motions like running or hopping. However, lateral movements are integral components of team sports and are associated with frontal plane joint displacements. The purpose of this study is to identify neuromuscular and kinematical mechanisms determining motor control and performance of reactive laterally conducted SSCs. Lateral jumps were performed from four distances in order to investigate the influence of lateral stretch loads on the lower extremity. Electromyographic (EMG) data of nine lower extremity muscles were collected. Foot, ankle, knee, and hip kinematics were recorded by 3-D motion analysis. High stretch loads were characterized by a greater foot exorotation during the initial phase of contact. In the sagittal plane knee and hip joint, displacements increased, whereas in the frontal plane only the hip joint displacement was significantly raised. In particular, frontal peak joint moments increased with stretch load. Thigh muscles' mean pre-activity amplitude was enhanced. It was possible to detect stretch reflexes in the thigh muscles, whereas in particular the short-latency reflex (SLR) was stretch load-dependently modulated. The results of the present study suggest that the foot exorotation seems to play a decisive role in the movement control of lateral jumps. The association between exorotation and increased sagittal joint displacements may be seen as a compensation strategy to shift load from the frontal to the sagittal plane. Lateral load compensation seems to strongly depend on upper leg's kinematic and neuromuscular adjustments, rather than on the ankle joint complex.

This article was published in Eur J Appl Physiol. and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]online.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords