Author(s): Malik A, Fletcher EC, Chong V, Dasan J
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Abstract Various aspects of local anesthesia for cataract surgery, such as the anesthetic agents and their interaction with ocular nerve supply, anesthesia requirements, available clinical techniques and their inherent complications are reviewed. A comparative evaluation of clinical techniques in terms of efficacy, akinesia, and patient-perceived pain during both anesthesia administration and intraoperative cataract surgery is presented, along with the prevailing practice patterns of anesthesia techniques among refractive surgeons in the United Kingdom and United States. More randomized clinical trials are needed to facilitate statistical methods of metaanalysis to establish convincingly the overall benefits and efficacy of the various local anesthesia procedures in cataract surgery. The wide scope of the present review is of relevance in structuring ophthalmology and anesthesia specialist training programs for junior staff. Copyright 2010 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Cataract Refract Surg
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology