Author(s): Weindler J, Weindler M, Ruprecht KW
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Abstract In recent years anesthesia modalities have changed in ophthalmic surgery. A growing trend toward the use of topical anesthesia in cataract surgery is apparent. The present-day techniques used in ophthalmic surgery are retrobulbar anesthesia, peribulbar anesthesia, subtenon anesthesia, and subconjunctival anesthesia as injection techniques, topical anesthesia using drops, gel, or sponge, and intracameral anesthesia. Injectable anesthesia (RBA, PBA, STA) provides a higher level of analgesia and globe akinesia. With injection techniques the risks of vis a tergo and anesthetic complications increase; the level of analgesia after topical anesthesia could be improved by supplementation with i.v. narcotics.
This article was published in Ophthalmologe
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology