alexa Localization and action of adenosine A2a receptors in regions of the brainstem important in cardiovascular control.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Thomas T, St Lambert JH, Dashwood MR, Spyer KM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In vitro autoradiography and central microinjections of a P1 adenosine A2a receptor antagonist have been employed to investigate a possible role for centrally located adenosine A2a receptors in modulation of the baroreceptor reflex. In vitro autoradiography using [125I]4-(2-[7-amino-2-[2-furyl][3,2,4]triazolol[2,3-a][1,3,5]tr iazin-5-yl-amino]ethyl)phenol ([125I]ZM241385), the high-affinity adenosine A2a receptor antagonist, revealed a heterogeneous distribution of adenosine A2a binding sites within the lower brainstem of the rat. Image analysis showed high levels of binding in rostral regions of both the nucleus tractus solitarius and the ventrolateral medulla. Intermediate levels of binding were observed in the commissural nucleus tractus solitarius and the dorsal vagal motor nucleus, with low levels of binding in caudal regions of the nucleus tractus solitarius and the ventrolateral medulla, and the hypoglossal nucleus. Unilateral microinjections of unlabelled ZM241385 into the nucleus tractus solitarius had no effect on baseline levels of arterial pressure, heart rate and phrenic nerve activity recorded in anaesthetized, artificially ventilated rats. However, microinjections of ZM241385 reduced the bradycardia evoked by stimulation of the ipsilateral aortic nerve. In contrast, ZM241385 had no effect on the depressor response or the reduction in phrenic nerve activity evoked by aortic nerve stimulation. Our results indicate that adenosine A2a binding sites are located in a number of brainstem regions involved in autonomic function, consistent with the idea that adenosine acts as a neuromodulator of a variety of cardiorespiratory reflexes. Specifically, the data support the hypothesis that adenosine A2a receptors located within the nucleus tractus solitarius are activated during baroreceptor stimulation and have an important modulatory role in the pattern of cardiovascular changes associated with this reflex.
This article was published in Neuroscience and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords